The approximate prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in India is 800 per million population and the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is 150–200 per million population. Nearly 16,000–18,000 patients (8-10% of new ESRD cases) in India get renal replacement therapy. So as can be seen, there is still a large void between the number of kidney patients and the ones who are actually able to get a successful kidney transplant done for them.
Thus, in India there is still a long way to go with respect to CKD. Lots of attention and efforts are being focussed at kidney ailments worldwide as the problem appears to be ever increasing, involves humongous costs and is associated with increased morbidity & mortality. Hence CKD has been the centre of focus of health planning and has not even spared developed world. It is important to realize and make note of the fact that for every one patient with end stage kidney disease requiring dialysis or transplant, there may be more than 300 patients with chronic kidney disease. These figures are staggering given the scarcity of awareness amongst people and even more worrisome being the relative dearth of good transplant surgeons in India that may be counted on fingers!
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